CBD – miracle or marketing fraud?

We are here to clarify this shadow: from growing the plant to harvesting it for extraction. We will go beyond basic understanding, we will dive into measures to harvest the purest and most effective oil. These actions are avoided by lots of companies, but we, CBD oil, consider them essential to the production of high quality products. Get ready, here’s the fundamentals of CBD oil production.

Hemp cultivation and harvest

All of it starts with an adapted culture of hemp. Industrial hemp seeds are produced with care for their natural abundance of CBD and their low THC material. At CBD oil, we test the soil prior to cultivation, to ensure there are no indications of contamination. The seeds are then planted and the hemp grows for 120 days.

Near the end of the flowering period, the plants are collected. They are cut close to the roots, the leaves and seeds are eliminated, and the branches begin to dry. The branches are then soaked to soften the fibers, this process is called “retting”. Then comes the “decortication”, the fiber is by hand separated from the branch to go to the next actions. So we can move on to drawing out CBD.

CBD extraction approaches

There are three main approaches of drawing out CBD: utilizing edible oil (such as olive oil), liquid solvents, or supercritical CO ₂ extraction Extraction by liquid solvents is the most widespread in the market. However, for the sake of quality and accuracy, CBD oil prefers supercritical extraction to CO ₂. Now let’s have a look at the pros and cons of each approach.

Oil extraction.

One of the most direct approaches is utilizing oil to extract CBD. It is popular among house producers. This process begins with using heat to decarboxylate raw plant product, therefore activating cannabinoids such as THC. The next step is to include olive oil to cannabis and the mixture is heated to 100 ° C for 1 or 2 hours. Olive oil ultimately evaporates and leaves a highly focused CBD oil

Pros

This approach is extremely low-cost and is executed securely. It does not require special equipment and is therefore available to home producers.

The cons

Compared to the effort required, this extraction approach offers just a couple of finished products. The resulting oil is extremely disposable and should be kept in a cool, dry place and taken in reasonably quickly to keep it from turning.

Liquid solvent extraction

Extraction with liquid solvents frequently takes place utilizing ethanol, gas or butane. The plant product is boiled utilizing among the solvents in order to extract the wanted elements (in this case, CBD). The option is then filtered and the solvents are purged utilizing heat or a vacuum cleaner, leading to a focused final product rich in CBD.

Pros

The equipment required for extraction by liquid solvents is frequently not too complicated or too specialized, but still offer a highly focused oil as a result. The process also remains reasonably simple.

The cons

On the drawback, this approach requires more energy than extraction with oil or CO ₂. It is also less precise than CO ₂ extraction in regards to targeting the wanted elements (such as CBD), which extremely frequently generates products that do not make you desire at all. Dealing with solvents at high temperatures is also extremely dangerous and presents threats to the environment.

COcrit supercritical extraction

This is the approach we have utilized here at CBD oil considering that we discovered that it offers the highest quality oil. Supercritical CO ₂ extraction is also a popular approach outside the CBD systems or hemp market, and is frequently utilized in the cosmetic and pharmaceutical markets.

At its “critical” temperature level and pressure, CO ₂ remains in a state in between gas and liquid, permitting it to express the features of these two aspects. The supercritical COtraction extraction is utilized as a “green solvent” in the extraction of CBD. The CO ₂ need to reach an optimal temperature level and pressure for the extraction to occur. This requires accuracy and professional knowledge, due to the fact that different elements are insulated at different temperatures.

Industrial variety extraction systems consist of three parts: the extraction tank, the accumulator and the separator. The extraction tank is filled with crushed cannabis and the accumulator pumps fill the tank with CO ₂. This develops a mix of CO ₂ and cannabinoids. The separator then records the mixture, gets rid of the CO ₂ and isolates the CBD extract.

Pros

CO ₂ extraction is a safe approach for humans and the environment. It does not require any toxic chemical compound and utilizes a closed-loop approach permitting the possibility of recycling CO ₂. Because CO ₂ extraction works at a lower temperature level than that based upon liquid solvents, it protects more hemp terpene profiles and therefore generates a richer and more beneficial oil.

The cons

This approach is extremely expensive because of the equipment required. It requires specialized understanding and it is important to have access to a skilled chemist. These two things make CO ₂ mining unsuitable for individual producers.

Go further

The above extraction approach can offer a great yield of CBD oil by itself, and lots of companies stop there. However, there are additional actions you can require to get an actually excellent end product. Here are some additional actions that CBD oil takes to heart and considers essential in its production process. They are our method of going further and producing a real top quality product.

Decarboxylation of CBD

In regards to cannabis, decarboxylation is a process that utilizes heat to convert cannabinoid acids to active cannabinoids. When heat is used at a certain temperature level and for a specific period of time, a carboxyl group is eliminated from the cannabinoid acid. Carbon dioxide is released and only active cannabinoids remain. For example when cannabinoid acid CBDA is decarboxylated, it turns into CBD.

Decarboxylation of CBD oil on a commercial scale is a complicated process that requires finesse and experience. To do this securely, a lab is required in addition to professional guidance and using specialized engineering equipment. That said, when done right, decarboxylation allows us to ensure that the CBD oil reaches its maximum potency (therefore you can get the most out of it).

Filtration

At CBD oil, we cleanse our oil with CBD utilizing a special filter system. This process eliminates undesirable fat, chlorophyll and particular chemical elements. Unpurified (or raw) oil is darker. It can be non-uniform in regards to concentration and has a strong odor. The purified oil has a lighter color, a discreet and natural odor, a consistent power and a pure and liquid consistency.

In addition to our purification system, we test all of our oils for a long period of time to ensure that they contain no artificial impurities, additives or dangerous microscopic life types. Furthermore, a third party will ensure that our products are as pure as we declare.

Terpenes enrichment

Terpenes are aromatic elements discovered in cannabis. They all have their own homes, some show therapeutic capacity. For example, one study discovered that myrcene, which has an earthy fragrance, alleviates discomfort, swelling, and depressed moods.

The process of drawing out tide water CBD from hemp can result in the disappearance of particular terpenes. For this reason, CBD oil adds a terpene enrichment step to the production design of its CBD oils. We save as lots of terpenes as possible utilizing a steam distillation process for which we hold the patent. Thanks to this, we protect more of the holistic advantages of hemp.

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